Upanayana Samskaranam in Varanasi

Upanayana Samskar

Upanayana (Sanskrit:  Upanayana-) is one of the traditional saṃskāras (rites of passage) that marked the acceptance of a student by a guru (teacher) and an individual’s entrance into a school in Hinduism. The tradition is widely discussed in ancient Sanskrit texts of India and varies regionally. The sacred thread (yajnopavita or janeu) is received by the boy during this ceremony, that he continues wearing across his chest thereafter. Since Varanasi is a sacred city; it is believed that performing Upanayana Samskara in Varanasi will give positive energy to the student. Tirth Kshetra Purohit provides the best Purohit for Upanayana Samskara in Varanasi to make this process finish properly without any issues or problems.

The Upanayana was restricted in many medieval Indian texts to the upper three of the four Varnas (castes) of society — Brahmins, kshatriyas and vaishyas. However, Vedic period texts such as the Baudhāyana Grihyasutra encouraged all members of society to undergo the Upanayana, even (manual workers) Shudras Women were encouraged to undergo Upanayana in ancient India before they started Vedic studies or before their wedding.

Upanayana (Sanskrit: उपनयन) literally means “the act of leading to or near”. It is an important and widely discussed samskara in ancient Sanskrit text. The rite of passage symbolizes the leading or drawing towards the self of a child, in a school, by a teacher. It is a ceremony in which a guru (teacher) accepts and draws a child towards knowledge and initiates the second birth that is of the young mind and spirit. Tirth Kshetra Purohit makes every effort to make this important ceremony memorable and provides the exceptionally best Pandit for Upanayana Samskara in Varanasi. And we are also providing other services including gaya pind daan, homam pooja services, rituals in Kashi, rituals at Prayagraj, pitru karyas, devakaryas, etc.

Upanayana is the rite of passage for the start of formal education of writing, numbers, reading, Vedangas, arts and other skills. The Upanayana rite of passage was also important to the teacher, as the student would there from begin to live in the Gurukul (school).

Upanayana was an elaborate ceremony that included rituals involving the family, the child and the teacher. To perform this Upanayana Samskara in Varanasi, you will need to have the best Pandits and we at Tirth Kshetra Purohit will provide you the best purohit or Panditfor Upanayana Samskara in Varanasi.

During this ceremony, a boy receives a sacred thread called Yajñopaveetam that he wears. The Yajñopavita ceremony announced that the child had entered into the formal education. In the modern era, the Upanayana rite of passage is open to anyone at any age.

The education of a student was not limited to ritual and philosophical speculations found in the Vedas and the Upanishads. They extended too many arts and crafts, which had their own, similar rites of passages. Aitareya Brahmana, Agamas and Puranas literature of Hinduism describe these as Shilpa Sastras. They extend to all practical aspects of culture, such as the sculptor, the potter, the perfumer, the wheelwright, the painter, the weaver, the architect, the dancer, and the musician. Ancient Indian texts assert that the number of the arts is unlimited, but each deploy elements of 64 ‘‘kala’’ (कला, techniques) and 32 ‘‘vidyas’’ (विद्या, fields of knowledge). The training of these began from childhood and included studies about dharma, culture, reading, writing, mathematics, geometry, colors, tools, as well as traditions (trade secrets). The rites of passage during apprentice education varied in the respective guilds.


In some regions, in modern times, boys and girls undergo the tradition of Upanayana initiation when they start their formal schooling. In ancient and medieval eras, texts such as Harita Dharmasutras, Asvalayana Grhya Sutra, and Yama smriti suggest women could begin Vedic studies after performing Upanayana Samskara in Varanasi.

Girls who decided to become a student underwent the Upanayana rite of passage, at the age of 8, and thereafter were called Brahmavadini. They wore a thread or upper garment over their left shoulder. Those girls who chose not to go to a Gurukul were called Sadyovadhu (literally, one who marries straight). However, the Sadyovadhu, too, underwent a step during the wedding rituals, where she would complete Upanayana, and thereafter wear her upper garment (Saree) over her left shoulder. This interim symbolic Upanayana rite of passage for a girl, before her wedding, is described in multiple texts such as the Gobhila Gryha Sutra verse and some Dharmasutras. To perform these rituals, you will require to have the best Pandit services in Varanasi and Tirth Kshetra Purohit will help you perform this ritual with the help of the best Pandit for Upanayana Samskara in Varanasi.

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